Uzbek literature system uzbek composing is the arrangement of formed works made by the Uzbek people from central Asia. Most of them live in Uzbekistan with more humble numbers 832 area code in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Afghanistan.
While its hidden establishments can be followed back to the 10th Century, Uzbek composing is generally settled in Chagatai Literatur, which is an arrangement of works in the turkic creative language chagatai. Yet the earliest Chagatai composing follows right back to the fourteenth century, they are still adequately open for perusers of the Uzbek language. Present day Uzbek is as of now the reference language for Turkic academic and recorded works in Central Asia.
The conventional period
The old style season of Uzbek composing suffered from 10th to the second half of nineteenth century. Various academic works were conveyed during that period, an enormous number Virtual Phone Number of them under the help Turkic heads. The Timurids fourteenth sixteenth century, similar to Timur (Tamerlane), Shahrukh and Ulugh Ask; Babur, who was the coordinator of Mughal organization of India; and ‘Umar Khan (nineteenth century ruler in the khanate of Kokand.
Uzbek composing changed from a Turkic substance to an Arabic course of action between the 10th and the twelfth many years. This advancement introduced Uzbek makers to Arabic composition. The result was that Uzbek composing experienced basic changes. It took on many designs and the language of Arabic composition. This period joins Yusuf Khass Hajib’s Kutudgu Bilig (“Data which Prompts Satisfaction”); Eng. trans. The Knowledge of Magnificent Splendor), shaped in 1069-70. Mahmud Kashgari’s Diwan lughat al-Turk, accumulated in 917 area code. Ahmad Yugnaki’s twelfth century Hibat al-haqaiq (“Gift to Truths”) is a punctilious piece.
Introducing Listified Uzbek literature system
Ahmed Yesevi was another Central Asian author who impacted Uzbek composing. This twelfth century severe craftsman was an enthusiast Yusuf Hamadhani, the unique Sufi pioneer. Ahmed Yesevi’s works – accumulated as Divan-I hikmet (“Book of Shrewdness”). Set up one more kind of Central Asian Turkic composition: a severe group section. He used a popular language that gained little from Persian and had a Turkic syllabic length.
In the thirteenth and fourteenth century, works were written in Chagatai. This specially affected later Uzbek composing. These consolidate Khwarizmi (generally well known for his Muhabbatnamah “Love Letters”), Qutb Khorazmi (1340 understanding of Nezami’s sincere epic Khosrow o–Shirin (“Khosrow and Shirin”), and Durbek (generally famous for his Yusuf o–Zulaykha (“Yusuf and Zulaykha”). The second half of fourteenth century, and the important half fifteenth, saw the locale of Transoxania similarly as Khorasan – especially the metropolitan regions Samarkand or Herat – become social concentrations in Central Asia. Various wonderful sorts prospered, including the refrain and the memorial. There were many works of composing, particularly chronicled, made.
Lutfi, one of various remarkable journalists
The master of the ghazal (stanza darling poem) and the tuyugh (a Turkic quatrain like the Robai). He impacted the essayists of his day. His sole recorded work gul Wa Nawruz, has write in 1411 and is know as “Gul and Nawruz”; it applauded ideal marriage. Sakkaki is moreover an obvious author of the period. He is generally outstanding for his divan (arrangement) of works, which fuses munajaat (“melodies”), gahazals (recognitions) and Qasida’s (accolades), focused on Ulugh Inquire. Gadai was the most exceptional Uzbek essayist in the fourteenth and fifteenth many years.
His divan was secure anyway very little concerning his life was known. The primary name of the craftsman isn’t known. Gadai is got from his usage Gada (“Beggar”) in his gahazals. His divan consolidates 229 gahals and 5 tutuys. There are furthermore 2 qasidas and 1 mustazad.
Uzbek literature system Chagatai, which would become present day Uzbek, expected its excellent construction in progress ‘Ali Shir Navar. He was a remarkable driving force, phenomenal craftsman and an eminent academic supporter of his time. He was moreover an administrator, and a prominent part the court of Husayn Bayqarah. It is difficult to misconstrue the effect of Navai on Central Asian Turkic writers, and Uzbek writers.
His four divans contain incredible many lines of Chagatai expressive refrain. Under the nom de plume, he also created gahals Persian. Navai also formed em>ghazal/em>s in Persian under the name Fani. He was also the creator of an arrangement of genuine and intelligent treats . The most enormous of these arrangements is Muhakamat al–lughatayn (1499, “Judgment On Two Vernaculars”) which examines the overall advantages between the Chagatai and Persian lingos.
Babur was a ruler from the Timurid Line
He is similarly the originator of Mughal an Indian Mughal custom. His diary, the babur-nameh is write in clear, refined Chagatai sythesis during the sixteenth century. It is one of the most wonderful works in Chagatai composing similarly as Central Asian composition and historiography generally.
The Uzbek composing progressed freely from the seventeenth to the nineteenth many years in three separate Uzbek Khanates . Two of these khanates were set up in fifteenth century Bukhara and Khiva (Khwarezm) and the third was set up in the middle eighteenth century (Kokand). Mujrim Obid was one of the most prominent journalists in Bukhara. He was a phenomenal section craftsman of the late eighteenth or mid nineteenth many years. Turdi, a fan Navai, created Sufi refrain, but his individual and point changed later when he started forming poems that were even more socially aware. Abu al-Ghazi Bahadur was a seventeenth century Khan of Khiva who clarified the verifiable setting of the Uzbeks and Turkmen, Kazakhs and Karakalpaks.
protecting of huge quantities
These individuals legends and stories similarly as aphorisms and axioms. His most famous works consolidate Shajare-I Tarakime (1659, “Genealogical Tree of the Turkmen”) additionally Shajare-I Turk (completed in after death by his more young kid in 1665, “Genealogical Tree of the Turks”) The eighteenth century’s most huge craftsman, Nishati, made the last major Masnawi in Chagatai. Observable nineteenth century Khivan creators fuse Shermuhammad Munis and Muhammad Agahi, the two craftsmen similarly as history trained professionals.
Munis started creating a past loaded up with Khiva Firdaus ul iqbal (“The Paradise of Felicity”) yet could just finishing the show and initial segments. His nephew Agahi completed it. The Kokand Khanate conveyed remarkable journalists like Mashrab in the seventeenth century, Mahmur in the eighteenth century and Muhammad Sharaf Gulkhani and Uwaysi during the nineteenth.
The pioneer season of the tsarists
Uzbek literature system The Uzbek Khanates’ tsarist pioneer time indicated an intolerable period for nearby composition. The Russians tried to use writing to drive their tendencies from the most punctual beginning stage of the strategic interruptions and occupations of these khanates. Uzbek writers like Muqimi and Furqat similarly as Zavqi and Dilshad and Anbar Atin needed to worship Russian culture and culture in their works. Furqat, a Kokanese writer, was a common outline of such researchers. He idolized Russian a data term “culture” href=”https://www.merriam-webster.com/word reference/culture”>culture/a> in his works and was in this way repaid by the lead agent general of Turkistan. Furqat started forming pieces that denounced the extreme Russian guideline in the Fergana Val.
These researchers fuse Mahmud Khoja Behbudi, Abdalrauf Fitrat, Abdullah Qadiri, Cholpan (Abdulhamid Sulayman Yunus), Munawwar Qari, and Mannan Ramiz. These researchers rushed to introduce books, plays and brief stories to Uzbeks around the beginning of the 20th Century. These Western styles signified the zenith of progress of commendable refrain in Chagatai. In any case, it declined quickly starting there.
The Soviet time span
The Russian Disturbance 1917 made Tsar Nicholas II leave. There were anticipates more freedoms among the savvy individuals in Turkistan. Nevertheless, it is expelle to the Russian experts the year after. Uzbek literature system the Soviet framework was at first depicted by a shortfall of chance and a confined ability to propel a transnational Turkic culture.